Escudo de la República de Colombia
Sistema Nacional de Biliotecas - Repositorio Institucional Universidad Nacional de Colombia Biblioteca Digital - Repositorio Institucional UN Sistema Nacional de Bibliotecas UN

Evaluation of the potential dietary impact of the implementation of nutritionally improved crops in rural areas of the department of Cesar (Colombia)

Tofiño, Adriana and Melo, Aslenis and Ruidiaz, Yumar and Lissbrant, Sofía (2015) Evaluation of the potential dietary impact of the implementation of nutritionally improved crops in rural areas of the department of Cesar (Colombia). Agronomía Colombiana, 33 (3). pp. 383-390. ISSN 2357-3732

Texto completo

[img]
Vista previa
PDF - Versión Publicada
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

185kB

URL oficial: http://www.revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/...

Resumen

In Cesar, 30.7% of children under 5 years of age suffer from deficiencies of vitamin A, along with 13.4% for iron and 57.0% for zinc. Therefore, it is important to guarantee food security in the population through improvements in the nutritional quality of the offered food products. One alternative is the implementation of nutritionally improved crops. The production and consumption of four basic crops in the rural areas of five municipalities were characterized and compared to the implementation of the studied biofortified crops. Surveys regarding the purchase, consumption and production of cassava, bean, maize and rice were given to those responsible for food preparation and/or agricultural production in 90 families and was determined for these food ration consumed per person. In the week prior to the survey, 95.6% of the families consumed bean, 93.3% maize and 88.9% cassava and rice. The products mainly originated from purchases in the local store (bean and rice) or grown by the families (cassava). Cassava and maize were most commonly cultivated (71.1%), followed by bean (56.7%), maize (32.1%), and rice (2.2%). A 61.6% of the cultivated cassava, 23.5% of the maize, and 26.4% of the bean were destined for self-consumption, while the rest was sold or traded. Looking at the difference between the nutritional content of the biofortified products and the traditional and eating habits indicated that the substitution of the traditional varieties with the biofortified crops represented a possible intake increase of 44.59 mg/person-day of iron, 24.05 mg/person-day of zinc, and 1.62 mg/person-day of vitamin A. The substitution with and exclusive consumption of biofortified crops would contribute 199, 169, and 77% iron, zinc, and vitamin A based on the estimated average requirement. Due to their potential nutritional impact, the study of the adaptability and acceptability of biofortified crops is recommended.

Tipo de documento:Artículo - Article
Palabras clave:food fortification, human nutrition, food security, family farming, rural communities
Temática:5 Ciencias naturales y matemáticas / Science > 57 Ciencias de la vida; Biología / Life sciences; biology
5 Ciencias naturales y matemáticas / Science > 58 Plantas / Plants
Unidad administrativa:Revistas electrónicas UN > Agronomía Colombiana
Código ID:55319
Enviado por : Dirección Nacional de Bibliotecas STECNICO
Enviado el día :19 Dec 2016 15:18
Ultima modificación:23 Junio 2017 20:42
Ultima modificación:23 Junio 2017 20:42
Exportar:Clic aquí
Estadísticas:Clic aquí
Compartir:

Solamente administradores del repositorio: página de control del ítem

Vicerrectoría de Investigación: Número uno en investigación
Indexado por:
Indexado por Scholar Google WorldCat DRIVER Metabiblioteca OAIster BASE BDCOL Registry of Open Access Repositories SNAAC Red de repositorios latinoamericanos eprints Open archives La referencia Tesis latinoamericanas OpenDOAR CLACSO
Este sitio web se ve mejor en Firefox